According the Third Global Status Report on Road Safety 2018 of WHO (world Health Organization) The number of deaths on the world’s roads remains unacceptably high with 1.35 million people dying each year. One of the most heart-breaking statistics in this report is that road traffic injury is the leading cause of death for children aged between 5 and 29 years.
With the launch of the Sustainable Development Goals, road safety is receiving increased international attention, and is included in two of the 17 Goals of this new global agenda. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOAL 3 & SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOAL 11.
India is a signatory to Brasilia Declaration in 2015 and is committed to reduce the number of road accidents and fatalities by 50 per cent by 2020. But this mission almost failed as no such sustainable activities has been implemented and the level of attention required has not been given to Road Safety it deserves.
The 3rd Global Ministerial Conference on Road Safety “Achieving Global Goals 2030” will take place on 19–20 February 2020 in Stockholm, Sweden. Hosted by the Government of Sweden and co-hosted by WHO. In the Ministerial Conference referred to popularly as the Brasilia declaration, which, inter-alia, resolved to halve the deaths and injuries from accidents by 2020 and to include this target in the 2030 agenda for sustainable development by the participating countries.
Road Safety is critical issue with more than 1 reported fatality every three minute in India. Thus there are many dimensions to the problem. Unfortunately India does not have as many running initiatives or organizations and we too, are not huge to address all issues. We thus have focused only on behavioral aspect of driving training, which nobody is currently into and we believe, this is the most critical area which if addressed properly has the potential to significantly bring down casualties.
At the inquest of the world’s first road traffic death in 1896, the Coroner was reported to have said ‘this must never happen again’. More than a century later, 1.35 million people are killed on roads every year and up to 50 million more are injured. Without action the loss of lives on the roads is expected to be around 1.9 million each year by 2020.
First Road Traffic Death
The death of Bridget Driscoll (c. 1851 – 17 August 1896) was the first recorded case of a pedestrian killed in a collision with a motor car in the United Kingdom crossed Dolphin Terrace in the grounds of the Crystal Palace in London. Although the car's maximum speed was 8 miles per hour (13 km/h) it had been limited deliberately to 4 miles per hour (6.4 km/h).
The Harder Facts
India, however ranks 1 in the number of road accident deaths across the 199 countries reported in the World Road Statistics, 2018 followed by China and US. As per the WHO Global Report on Road Safety 2018, India accounts for almost 11% of the accident related deaths in the World.
Indian road network is the largest in the world with the total length of 58.97 lac km as on 2017.
Roads carry 87.4 percent of passenger and 65 percent of freight traffic.
India’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) share in road transport sector is 4.5 percent.
In India, there is a road accident every minute, whereas one fatal accident takes every three minutes.
The analysis of road accident data 2018 reveals that about 1,280 accidents and 415 deaths take place every day on Indian roads, which further translates into 53 accidents and loss of 17 lives on an average, every hour, in our country.
About 69.6 percent of all persons killed in road accidents are in the 18-45 years’ age group during the year 2018.
Why Road Safety ???
Global Status Report 2018 of WHO on road safety, More than 1.35 million people die each year on the world’s roads.
No #1 cause of death for children and young adults 5-29 years age.
In India 1, 51,417 persons killed & 4,69,418 persons injured/disabled in road accident in 2018.
In India the yearly asset loss due to road accident is more than Rs.55,000 Corers .
India lose approximately 3% of GDP as a result of road traffic crashes.
Drivers’ fault is single most important factor responsible for road accidents 84 percent.
WHO estimated 2,99,091 road traffic fatalities in India Vs 1, 50,785 fatalities reported officially by Govt. of India in 2016.
87.8 percent accident were accounted for by the top 13 states.